Posted: March 13th, 2023
When Emperor Constantine called for an ecumenical Council at Nicea in 325 CE, he hoped to resolve this controversy over Arianism. By convening 318 bishops from all around the world, who met over a period of five months debating this issue, they were able to reach agreement over what came to be known as Nicean Creed. This document declares that: “We believe…in one Lord Jesus Christ… begotten of his Father before all worlds; God of God; Light of Light; Very God of very God; Begotten not made; Being of one substance with the father.” In doing so it affirmed that Jesus is both divine like His Father and also distinct from Him in some way – yet both are still united together eternally as one.
Despite its success at resolving much of the conflict surrounding Arianism in 325 CE however, there were still divisions within Christianity concerning this issue up until 381 CE when Constantinople ratified another creed declaring similar beliefs about Trinity which cemented their victory over those who held to Ariansim beliefs (Keener 2018). So while Nicean creed laid down foundations for resolution between these two factions within Christianity it wasn’t until later date that final reconciliation between them took place.
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