Muhammad was born in Mecca, Arabia in 570 CE. His father, Abdallah ibn Abd al-Muttalib, died before Muhammad was born. His mother’s name was Aminah bint Wahb and she passed away when Muhammad was only six years old (Usmani & Akhtar, 2017). This meant that from a young age he had to rely on his extended family for care and support.
Muhammad’s grandfather Abdul Muttalib took over responsibility for raising him until his death two years later. After this point he went to live with Abu Talib who acted as a foster father for the remainder of his childhood (Usmani & Akhtar, 2017). Both of these figures were influential in nurturing and guiding Muhammad into adulthood which shaped an important part of both his life and the Muslim religion today.
The absence of biological parents during this period had a profound impact on Muhammad’s development as it gave him time to reflect on the world around him (Hassan et al., 2018). Despite not having a parental figure present all the time, he received plenty of love and support from people within his community who filled in where needed. During this early period there is evidence that he also experienced frequent visits to graveyards where it is thought that he developed an understanding of mortality and spirituality (Hassan et al., 2018). This had major implications for the way Islam developed due to Muhammad’s personal beliefs about death being integrated into Islamic theology.
What happened to Muhammad’s parents? What happened to Muhammad? How did this shape both his life and the Muslim religion?
Muhammad eventually married Khadijah who became his first wife at 25 years old; their marriage lasted for twenty five years until her death shortly before Muhammads revelations began (Bushra et al., 2011). The companionship that Khadijah provided must have offered some stability during this pivotal moment in history which helped shape how Islam developed as well as providing comfort at such a difficult time in Muhammads life due to losing both birth parents so young.
Overall it can be seen that despite not having any biological parents throughout most of his life; Mohammad benefited greatly from the influence of those around him including grandparents, close relatives, foster families and friends which allowed him enough security to form strong relationships particularly with Khadijah later on in life (Bushra et al., 2011). These experiences are embedded deeply within Islamic teachings today and have helped define key aspects such as its views towards marriage or its attitude surrounding death and bereavement which would never have been possible without Muhammads unique upbringing shaping both himself personally as well as forming much of what we regard now knows today as orthodox Muslim beliefs.