Posted: March 13th, 2023
The outcomes of these constraints on political participation varied depending on the group. Women who attempted to enter politics faced social stigma for attempting to be outside of traditional gender roles. This could lead to them being ostracized by their communities or even face violence from those opposed to their efforts (Gillespie & Teague 2020). This caused many women reformers to focus more on grassroots organizing rather than actively seeking office or campaigning for candidates that supported their causes.
African Americans also experienced barriers when it came to engaging in politics due to racism and segregation laws that prevented them from participating fully in electoral processes like voting. Despite this discrimination however some African Americans still ran for office starting with John Mercer Langston who was elected mayor of Brownhelm Ohio in 1888 (Von Drehle 2017) . In addition black civil rights organizations such as The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People encouraged political engagement regardless of whether they had full citizenship rights at the time (Laird 2018).
Lastly moral reformers generally focused less on working towards direct change within the system but instead sought indirect change through education campaigns about topics such as temperance and public health initiatives related to poverty relief(Horton 1987). These campaigns did have a lasting impact as states began passing stricter alcohol control laws along with other socially minded policies intended at addressing issues related public health.
Overall each group faced different challenges but successfully found ways around or overcame constraints preventing them from accessing mainstream political arenas while advocating for changes beneficial their respective causes .
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