In recent years, advances in research and technology have contributed to the identification of new programming and levels of care for people with sleep disorders. As such, there is now a greater understanding of what can be done to improve the lives of individuals living with these conditions (Ohayon et al., 2020). The National Sleep Foundation recommends that adults aged 18-64 should get between seven and nine hours of sleep per night while adults over 65 should aim for seven to eight hours (Kushida et al., 2021). Abiding by this recommendation is essential in order to achieve optimal health and wellness; however, it can be difficult when dealing with a variety of sleep disturbances. Therefore, the following are some new programming and levels of care proposed for people with sleep disorders:
1) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – This type of therapy focuses on identifying and changing negative thinking patterns as well as unhelpful behaviors which interfere with healthy sleeping habits (Gellis & Lichstein, 2018). It involves psychoeducation about how our thoughts affect our behavior as well as helping patients adjust their sleeping environment so that it promotes better quality rest. Additionally, cognitive behavioral therapy helps individuals learn relaxation techniques such as mindfulness meditation which can help them cope better when they experience difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.
What are the new programming or level of care proposed for people with sleep disorders
2) Pharmacological Interventions – Medication may also be prescribed if cognitive behavioral therapy alone does not provide adequate relief from symptoms associated with certain types of sleep disorders (Kushida et al., 2021). A doctor will evaluate a patient’s individual case before recommending any medications but generally speaking they are used to treat insomnia and narcolepsy among other conditions. Certain antihistamines or sedatives may be prescribed but caution must always be taken when taking any kind prescription drug due potential side effects or addiction concerns.
3) Sleep Hygiene Education – Educating patients on proper ‘sleep hygiene’ – avoiding caffeine close to bedtime, setting regular bedtimes/wake times – is important in helping those struggling achieve good quality rest (Gellis & Lichstein, 2018). When presented properly this information can support an individual in making necessary adjustments in their lifestyle so that they are better able to address their specific needs related to sleeping problems.