Posted: February 13th, 2023
One key component of the social vulnerability paradigm is the recognition that certain populations are at greater risk for harm from disasters and catastrophes due to their lack of access to resources and protections compared to those who are relatively privileged or have strong socio-economic standing. For example, individuals living in poverty may not possess the means necessary to evacuate from a flood zone before waters rise too high or protect themselves from extreme winds associated with hurricanes. Similarly people who live far away from emergency services, such as rural residents or indigenous communities, may be unable to receive timely medical care if they become injured during a disaster event (Kates et al., 2020).
Another aspect included among components of this framework is the idea that inequality between genders can play a role in determining a person’s level of risk when exposed to hazards associated with disasters. Feminist theories suggest that women often bear additional burdens related health risks when experiencing life threatening emergencies as opposed their male counterparts (Kraemer et al., 2018). This could include higher rates of sexual violence during displacement periods caused by wars or violent conflicts; exposure illnesses caused by unsafe water supplies; exposure diseases passed on through contaminated food sources; malnutrition resulting from insufficient nutrition intakes ; inadequate medical care due limited availability nearby healthcare facilities etc.. Additionally , difficulties accessing safe shelter options , educational opportunities , employment prospects etc.. might increase overall difficulty endured amongst female survivors trying cope during recovery phases after major disasters occur .
Finally , many scholars believe issue intersectionality needs taken account when discussing ways which groups composed mainly minorities often face amplified forms adversity due multiple aspects oppression present within respective environments (Shultz et al . 2019) . These layers complexity could involve combinations race/ethnicity , income class , nationality , religion background additionally exacerbating liabilities experienced vulnerably situated members whose intersecting identities leave them extremely exposed potential dangers posed numerous environmental risks …
In conclusion, there are several main components composing social vulnerability paradigm which illustrate why certain populations more likely experience disproportionately higher impacts stemming large scale catastrophes disasters across globe – particularly women whose already precarious situations heightened even further disadvantageous circumstances created gaps existed resources means safety protection existent prior destruction occurred .. Although no single solution exists eradicate disproportionate suffering traditionally marginalized groups affected natural occurrences detrimental effects shifts policymaking rectify underlying causes should remain priority moving forward ensure equitable outcomes all persons regardless identity backgrounds eventually achieved worldwide ..
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