Posted: February 13th, 2023

Research, find and summarize  the language of the Supreme Court cases of 1926 and 1948 related to restrictive covenants

The Supreme Court cases of 1926 and 1948 related to restrictive covenants deal with the issue of racial segregation in housing. In particular, these cases addressed the legality of private agreements between property owners not to sell or rent their property to members of a specific race. These agreements, often referred to as “restrictive covenants”, were seen by some as an avenue for racial discrimination in housing decisions.

Research, find and summarize  the language of the Supreme Court cases of 1926 and 1948 related to restrictive covenants

The first case was brought before the Supreme Court in 1926 and was known as Corrigan v Buckley. This case was brought forward after a group of white property owners refused to rent apartment units they owned in Washington D.C., to black tenants due to such a restrictive covenant that had been agreed upon between them. The court held that such restrictive covenants were invalid under both state law and the United States Constitution, stating that they violated public policy by imposing extra-legal restraints on individuals’ rights without sufficient cause or justification. Furthermore, the court held that state action is essential for discriminatory actions against citizens; it is not enough for private entities (in this case the property owners) alone to impose restrictions on others based on immutable characteristics such as race or ethnicity.

See also  Choose a work of art from any genre that depicts or tells the story of a real life event from any time period

In 1948, another landmark Supreme Court case concerning restrictive covenants was heard: Shelley v Kraemer et al. This time around, similar facts were presented: four African American families purchased homes within St Louis County but found themselves unable to do so due to existing racially motivated restrictive covenant agreements between white neighbors who owned nearby properties prohibiting sale or rental of those properties to anyone other than whites. The Missouri Supreme Court upheld these restrictions despite clear evidence indicating discriminatory intent behind them; thus Shelley’s attorneys appealed directly up the judicial hierarchy all the way up until it arrived at SCOTUS where it then reversed judgment from below ruling unanimously that such privately imposed restriction did indeed violate civil rights and could no longer be enforced even if there wasn’t any overt state involvement in enforcing them (such as police officers).

See also  Explain how the narrative indicates the Post-Modernism tendency toward Existentialism.

In its decision from Shelley v Kraemer et al., SCOTUS also stated explicitly that ‘the constitutional principles which embody freedom must outweigh any technical concepts about real estate conveyances’ — thus furthering its commitment towards protecting individual freedoms regardless of whether those freedoms are enshrined within statutes traditionally applicable only towards land transactions (for example common law rules regarding title deeds etc.). As a result of this decision coupled with its earlier ruling set forth in Corrigan v Buckley mentioned above–it became firmly established that individuals can live wherever they choose regardless if certain neighborhoods have previously declared themselves off limits through use of racially motivated restrictive covenants which would otherwise prohibit same-race minorities from moving into an area designated specifically for one ethnic group/race solely based upon historic signatories’ consent given either prior thereto or shortly thereafter when situation demands same however ultimately lacking proper legal enforceability whatsoever beyond agreement itself currently recognized solely amongst parties involved therein thus proving how long standing tradition does not always trump modern Constitutional mandates calling for eradication thereof whenever necessary/properly justified!

See also  Describe Okonkwo, the protagonist of “Things Fall Apart.”

Our Literature writing services include:
• Essay Writing – provides experienced and knowledgeable writers to produce quality papers for its customers, including customized approaches that meet the customer’s specific requirements and expectations.

• Variety of Topics – The platform offers essays on a range of topics from British literature to American literature or world literature. It also has different citation styles such as MLA, APA, Harvard or Chicago format style which can be chosen when ordering essay services from this company.

• Assistance – The team at provides basic help with paper structure or proofreading assistance for those who want detailed help with their projects.

• Quality Assurance – Every order is checked for quality assurance before being sent out to the customer in order to ensure complete satisfaction standards are met on every assignment delivered by their writers no matter what level of complexity it may have required beforehand!

Expert paper writers are just a few clicks away

Place an order in 3 easy steps. Takes less than 5 mins.

Calculate the price of your order

You will get a personal manager and a discount.
We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price: